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BKOF (Building Knowledge Of the Field)


Before you read a news item text, the steps you must study are the following general features of the text below.

  • The Purpose of the text
  • The news item text informs readers of daily newspapers about events of the day which are regraded as newsworthy or important. Newspapers need to make the news are readable as possible in order to attract as many readers as possible. More readers means more money from advertisers and wider circulation of the newspapers. News stories especially the one published in the afternoon newspapaers-often make the events of the day dramatic or as sensational as they can order to make more people buy them.

  • Schematic structure or generic stucture of the text :

    • News worthy events
    • Background events
    • Sources


  • Language features

    • Short, telegraphic information about story summarized in one sentence headline, e.g.: Medicine for children.

    • Use of material or action processes to retell story,
      e.g.: 'are being invited', 'is commissioning', 'set up', etc.

    • Use of projecting verbal processes in 'source' stage,
      e.g.: 'Recent studies suggested ...", 'Professor Tom Walley says ...', 'Professor Sally Davies says ..." etc.

    • Focus on circumstantial meanings (especially in Newsworthy events' stage), e.g.: 'search into medicine for children ...', 'into areas as part of ...', 'in the Prescribing Research Group at ...', etc.

    • Often dramatic use of participant structure-especially in the thematic position, e.g.: 'Researchers are being invited ...', 'The program is commissioning ...'. 'The program set up ...', 'the Department of Health's pediatric medicines strategy which aims ...', etc.






 
 

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