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Writing - Ordinal Numbers

Look at this card

How old is the card receiver?
Notice the number, 13th.
13th = thirteenth
13th ≠13
Thirteenth ≠ Thirteen
13th is an ordinal number

We use ordinal numbers to show position/ rank/ order. For example to show the position of the winners of a race. The fastest runner is the first, and so on.

We can also use an ordinal number in a birthday card. We use it to show the age of the person who receives the card. (Kita bisa juga menggunakan ordinal number di kartu ulang tahun untuk menunjukkan umur sang penerima kartu)

Happy 11th Birthday (Selamat ulang tahun yang ke 11)
Happy 12th Birthday (Selamat ulang tahun yang ke 12)
Happy 13th Birthday (Selamat ulang tahun yang ke 13)

To make ordinal numbers, we add -st, -nd, -rd, or -th endings to cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and so on).

Notice the following.

We add – st to 1, 21, 31, 41, and so on.
We add – nd to 2, 22, 32, 42, and so on.
We add – rd to 3, 23, 33, 43, and so on.
We add – th to other numbers.

Writing – May you….

What do you write in a birthday card?
Well, you are free to use your creativity to write birthday messages.
You can use humor or write sentimental messages. You can also write a poem. It depends on who card is for.

One easy way is to start with “May….” (Semoga….) Or “May you….”  (Semoga kamu….)

Notice this card

Do you know the meaning of this birthday message?

Happy Birthday! (Selamat Ulang Tahun!)
May God richly bless you on this special day! (Semoga Tuhan sangat memberkatimu di hari istimewa ini.)

Another example :

What about this birthday message? Do you also know the meaning?

Correct! In Indonesian it says “Selamat Ulang Tahun ke 13. Semoga hari ulang tahunmu menyenangkan”.

Read the following. They are other things people write on birthday cards.
•    May God grant you with health and happiness.
•    May our friendship last forever.
•    May this day be as special as you are.
•    May your birthday bring you joy and happiness.
•    May you be successful in your study.
•    May you be healthy and wise.

Notice the pattern!

We can also use “Wishing you….” To give a birthday saying.

Look at these examples :

More examples of birthday saying with “Wishing you....” :
•    Wishing you a wonderful birthday.
•    Wishing you the best day ever.
•    Wishing you another great year.
•    Wishing you a joyful and fun birthday.
•    Wishing you a perfect birthday.

We can conclude that the pattern is:  Wishing you + noun


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