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The Simple Present Tense

We use this tense to state facts.

Simple sentence has at least: Subject + Predicate

  1. Subject + Predicating Verbs

Predicating Verbs are non action verbs (for example : want, hate, believe, like, etc)

Affirmative Sentence (+) :

I

like

cookies.

Sinta

likes

cookies.

You

like

cookies.

Adi

likes

cookies.

We

like

cookies.

The cat

likes

cookies.

They

like

cookies.


Notice that for the third singular subject, we add –s/es on the predicating verbs. Now we move to the section to make the negative and questions. We use do and does (auxiliary).

Negative Sentence (-) :

I do not like cakes. Sinta does not like gossip tabloids.
You do not like a fortune teller. Adi does not like chocolate.
We do not like horror films. The cat does not like vegetable.
They do not like junk food.

Interrogative Sentence (?) :

Do I look like an artist? Does Sinta want a glass of water?
Do you hate me? Does Adi love Mc. Ds?
Do we believe her story? Does the cat need help?
Do they remember you?


  1. Subject + Be (Linking Verbs)

Be + Noun Be+ Adjective Be + Prepositional Phrase
I am a doctor. I am happy. I am at work.
Anto is a singer. He is rich. Iwan is in a hurry.
Lia is a nurse. She is beautiful. Ita is in her room.
This is a cat. The tie is black. This is Tuesday.
We are students. We are tired. We are in the class.
They are doctors. The boys are smart. The boys are out of the bus.


  1. Subject + Finite Verbs

A finite verb is a lexical verb with or without auxiliaries that acts as the full verb in the predicate (Marcella Frank, Modern English).

Affirmative Sentence (+) :

I work in a bank. She works in a bank.
They work in a bank. He works in a bank.
You work in a bank. It (The system) works.
We work in a bank.

Negative Sentences (-) :

I do not eat meat. She does not live with her parents.
They do not come from China. He does not smoke cigarettes.
You do not play badminton. It does not work.
We do not meet everyday.






 
 

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