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BKOF (Building Knowledge Of the Field)

Before you read a discussion text, the steps you must study are the following general features of the discussion below.

  • Social Purpose
  • Discussion are used to present information about arguments for both sides of an issue. Discussion also allow us to explore various perspectives before coming to an informed decision.
    A discussion relies on the logical presentation of facts and can be written to :

    • Persuade the reader of the writer's point of view

    • Present pros and cons of an issue in order to convidence the reader of the writer's point of view, and

    • Present pros and cons of an issue to allow the reader to reach logical conclusion.

  • Generic Structures (Schematic Structures) of the text
  • Discussion are usually organized to include :

    • A statement outlining the issue, often accompanied by some background information about the issue.

    • A case for/argument for case/argument against, including evidance for different points of view,

    • A conclution, which might sum up both sides or might recommend in favor of one particular side.

    • Argument : the body of an exposition, presenting the evidence in fabour of a thesis.

    • Argument for : part of the body a discussion presenting arguments in favour of the proposition in the issue stage.

    • Argument against : part of the body of a discussion presenting arguments against the the proposition in the issue stage.

  • Grammar
  • Common grammatical patterns of the discussion text include :

    • Use general nouns to make statements about categories, e.g. air port aprons.

    • Use relating verbs to provide informaton about the issue, e.g. smoking is harmful, to eliminated accidents and incidents that occur on airport aprons (ramps).

    • Use thinking verbs to express the writer's personal of view, e.g. feel, believe, hope.

    • Use of additive, contrastive and causal constrastive to link arguments, e.g. similiarly on the other hand, however.

    • Use the detailed noun groups to provide information in compact way, e.g. the primary cause of....

    • Use of varying degree of modality, e.g. perhaps, must, should, might.

    • Use of adverbials of minner, e.g. deliberately, hopefully.

    • Use of relational, e.g.: are, can be, are having, should or shouldn't have, is, become.

    • Reasoning expressed as nouns (abstraction), e.g. reason, or many reason, etc.

  • Reading for the gist (the main idea) and the information

    • The general idea is the topic of the text which is discussed generally for the whole paragraph.

    • The topic sentence of a paragraph contains the main idea. The main idea can be in the first sentence of a paragraph or in the last sentence of a paragraph, or somewhere in the middle of a paragraph or stated implicity.

    • The specific information or the detailed information is the information which is givin in detail to support the main idea in the text.


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